Norwegian firearms laws take into account the political and regulatory aspects of the use of firearms in the country. Citizens are allowed to keep firearms (most often for hunting, sport shooting). The acquisition and storage of weapons is regulated by the State. Neighboring Finland announced over the weekend that it would speed up the passage of stricter gun laws after the attacks in Norway. The latest amendments to the Firearms Act came into force at the beginning of June. Survivors of Norway`s deadliest massacre in 2011 are urging the U.S. to tighten gun laws in an attempt to stop school shootings. Across the Norwegian border in Sweden, sporadic gun crime by gangs has helped bring a far-right, anti-immigrant party to power. “Gun control is a failure.
These do not respect the laws [sic] and a person who wants to carry out a mass shooting will invest the time and money to get the equipment to do the job. If these idiots decide to attack, they must be shot several times in the crotch until their garbage falls. But the sweets rejected the former center-left government`s focus on gun crime. As homicide rates hit record highs, voters turned to a right-wing coalition in last month`s general election, vowing to crack down on gang-related crime. Pia Clerte, gunner and weapons lawyer: There is a registry that checks whether you have committed crimes or alleged crimes or whatever. And it can be things like driving too fast or getting too drunk in a restaurant or bar. Such things would have the police check if you have a gun. Farstad believes Americans should emulate Norwegians and combat what he calls gun paranoia for self-defense.
They play with the lives of their own children. And I don`t think they take it seriously enough. And I think it`s sad to say that a heavy-handed organization like the National Rifle Association continues to work the way it does for its gun interests without seeing the big problems it causes in society. Perhaps because the laws are already so strict and gun crime is relatively rare, gun control is not generally seen as a political issue in Norway, unlike countries like the United States, where a citizen`s right to bear arms is guaranteed and fiercely defended by the constitution. Norway has some of the strictest gun laws in the world. Shotguns and shotguns can be purchased after a rigorous background check and extensive training. Firearms are considered here mainly as hunting tools. Survivors of Norway`s deadliest massacre are urging the U.S. to strengthen gun laws to stop school shootings. In Sweden, sporadic crimes committed with gang-fueled firearms helped bring a far-right party to power. Both countries have a relatively high proportion of gun ownership, but a low proportion of firearm-related homicides.
Malcolm Brabant went to see if there were any lessons America could learn. According to the Weapons Act, only “sober and responsible” persons over the age of 18 can obtain a firearms licence. For small arms, the age requirement is 21 years. In 2009, additional laws were introduced to further strengthen Norwegian firearms laws. As it is like a spiral of violence, the conflict must be calmed down. Breivik pointed his gun at me and he hired. And for a moment, I knew I was basically dead. I collapsed in the water.
I guess he just assumed he hit me or something like that because he kept shooting at people around me. HITC discusses firearms laws and regulations in Norway and explains the legality of citizens and police officers carrying firearms in the country. In Norway, citizens are allowed to keep firearms commonly used for hunting and sport shooting. However, the acquisition and storage of weapons is regulated by the state through strict gun control laws. Hunting and outdoor sports are popular in Norway. But even in these areas, the laws are strict. Shotguns and rifles must be stored in a secure place, usually in a safe specifically designed for firearms, as well as ammunition. The police have the right to inspect a homeowner`s home to ensure that the law is being followed.
The massacre on the island of Utøya will certainly result in a security check, with a particular focus on how Anders Behring Breivik got his weapons. Norway already has some of the strictest gun laws in the world, but they were apparently easily circumvented by the killer. Pia Clerte believes that Sweden`s gun laws are strict enough. Although there are more than 1.2 million registered firearms in Norway, the laws on obtaining a gun license are quite restrictive. You can also have 3kg of black powder outside your home in up to 1kg boxes, so you can have three 1kg boxes. They had to be stored in the original plastic container and stored in a wooden box with walls separating the containers. It also cannot be stored in a room with an open heat source such as a fireplace or stove.  Practice shooting with a custom-made AR-15, the weapon of choice for many American mass murderers. In Sweden, it is only available to sport shooters such as master shooter Pia Clerte. Despite its restrictive gun laws, which require a license to own and use every weapon, Norway has one of the highest per capita guns in the world.
Norway had 28.8 civilian weapons per person in 2017, according to the Small Arms Survey. It only took one mass shooting for Norway to tighten gun control. There is a confusion here that America will not follow. Handguns are subject to certain calibre restrictions. A Smith & Wesson Model 500, for example, is illegal because of its high performance, but other less powerful weapons are legal because they are used in sport shooting. Norway has a long tradition of high-end sport shooting competitions, especially rifle shooting. Each calibre must be used in a certain type of competition to be admitted. In addition, there is a limit to the number of weapons an owner can have for each caliber. For recreational shooters, only one weapon of each calibre is allowed. For professional and semi-professional shooters, a spare weapon is allowed.
A recreational shooter can only own four different handguns. In order to obtain more, documentation on extended participation in sport shooting is required. Following the bow-and-arrow attack in the Norwegian town of Kongsberg, Espen Andersen Bråthen was arrested and will appear in court on Friday (15 October). Karen Sandberg (Ph) heads the Swedish government`s Department of Crime Prevention in City Centres. She acknowledges that Sweden has been slow to respond to gun violence. It now has stronger policing and tougher prison sentences. Here`s a comparison between America and Norway in 2020, the worst year ever for gun deaths in the United States. In America, there were 19,384 gun murders this year, in Norway only two, yes, two. After surviving in Utoya, Bjorn Ihler, now 31, dedicated his life to promoting peace and countering extremism. He hasn`t set foot on the island since 2014, when he returned with me to where the shooter shot and missed him. When he`s not trying to deradicalize right-wing or Islamic extremists, Ihler lives in the northern forests. Rest alleviates his trauma.
Norway.2001. » Firearms legislation/regulations – Number of firearms in Norway. Personal correspondence of the Norwegian Ministry of Justice.Oslo: Norwegian Ministry of Justice, 1 December. (Q8980) The new rules make it harder to acquire handguns and raise the minimum age to own handguns to 20. Applicants for a gun licence must also undergo a proficiency test. Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg, 1998. Gun deaths in the United States and 35 other high- and middle-income countries. International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / CDC, April 16. (Q1297) Full citation hunters can only carry one weapon per calibre and a total of eight firearms. UNODC.2013. » Homicide in 207 countries – Norway. » Global Homicide Study 2011: trends, context, data.
Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 26 June. (Q6211) Full quote Lazarevic, Jasna.2009. » Transparency Scoreboard for the Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons 2009. Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge: Small Arms Survey, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva, 9 July. (Q10551) Clerte is referring to the gang wars that have erupted in Swedish city centres in recent years. Marit Tronnes Lie, mother of the shooting victim: It`s a painting of my daughters, sisters, the two I left. They comfort each other. And it comforts me to know that they are each other now that there are (INAUDIBLE). Thomas Def | A black handgun on black cloth, with ammunition Both countries have relatively high numbers of gun owners, but low levels of firearm-related homicides. Permission to possess rifles and shotguns may be granted to “sober and responsible” individuals 18 years of age and older. The licence applicant must prove that they need the weapon.
There are three exceptions to this age limit. Persons under the age of 18 but over the age of 16 may request possession of a firearm or shotgun with the consent of their parents or guardian. For handguns, the age of possession is 21, but a licence may be issued to individuals 18 years of age and older if certain criteria are met. However, such a license is only valid for 1 year and must be renewed to avoid revocation.  In the case of hereditary weapons, it is up to the local police chief to make a decision based on the individual facts of the case. Members must attend at least 15 meetings before they can purchase their own weapon. Once they prove that they intend to use the firearm for recreational shooting, they can request their own firearm. Elisabeth Tronnes Lie was 16 when she was murdered. His sister Cathrine, then 17, was one of 110 injured.
Waszink, Camilla. In: Faltas, Sami and Vera Chrobok (eds.).2004. Structures and practices – disposal of surplus stocks. » Management of surplus small arms and light weapons: an overview of policies and practices in OSCE countries. Bonn: Bonn International Center for Conversion, BASIC, Saferworld, and the Small Arms Survey, 1 February.